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Analysis of the Haiku structure

Epiphanie
un soleil blafard et
son absence


Marie Jeanne Sakhinis-De Meis, France
cco 2016-01-1

Commentaire.

Un lien intéressant entre "épiphanie" qui est un moment de venue et l'absence. Du point de vue conception, ce haïku fait partie de ce que j'appelle un haïku-tanka. Un tanka condensé dans l'espace d'un haïku. Ce type d'écriture ne se rencontre malheureusement que dans des circonstances particulières pour l'auteur(e). Archétype de l'Absence.

Keywords

Epiphany absence love parting sun cold

Structure of this haiku.

Used techniques :

* meteo - Meteo used to create an atmosphere.
Use in a haiku segment of a reference to the weather (weather conditions) that provides more than just the mention of the weather as a background. The reference refers to a state of weather that has physical (cold rain, sudden hail, frost,...) or psychological (overcast sky, storm warning, sultry afternoon...) effects. These effects are mainly felt through the skin (contact, temperature,...); which connects the author/reader to the World (his direct environment).

The mentioned weather and its effects share a set of semes (brutality, unpredictability, "cold", psychologically oppressive climate,...) with the situation experienced by the author.

A sudden and unpleasant change of situation shares semes (brutality, unpredictability, impact) with a sudden storm, hail, cold rain. A hard time to live, a disappointment, with a cold rain. An overcast weather before the rain shares with a moment when we fear the occurrence of events that we fear.

Although the meteo is often used as a marker (kigo - word of season), it sometimes brings more than just the place in the season or the context of the moment.

* opposition - Images in opposition.
Images with a group of opposite senses. The images are in opposition to each other. However, the opposite semes are grouped into dialectics. A dialectic is composed of opposite semes, like the two sides, poles of the same grade.

For example:
- Top and Bottom.
- Inside and Outside
- Big and Tiny

* tanka - Tanka-like haiku.
Tanka is composed of two segments. The first, objective, describes a situation, the second, subjective, allows the author's feelings to speak. It is possible to use this structure in haiku.

The second segment can, however, be written without the author explicitly talking about himself but simply placing elements of his/her behaviour in it.

Archetypes and dialectics

* A_Separation - Separation, Parting, Farewells.

Le fait de se séparer pour un long moment. De ne plus se revoir avant longtemps. De ne pas savoir si on se reverra. Souvent lié au thème de la Mort. D'ailleurs, ne dit-on pas, partir, c'est mourir un peu.

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