Analysis of the Haiku structure
reading a dead friend's book
coeur de l’hiver
lire le livre d'un ami mort
Lucy Whitehead , UK
Etrange haïku. Il est en effet construit sur une particularité du discours alchimique qui consiste à avoir un discours de surface correspondant à un discours profond qui est le message. La partie superficielle n’est compréhensible que pour ceux qui ont une certaine connaissance et qui feront le lien entre concepts profonds et apparents. C’est ce que l’on appelle, le style grimoire. Il faut comprendre ce haïku au sens de l’Oeuvre au noir. La Mort, en résonance avec le coeur de l’hiver, est une étape essentielle pour la transformation. On touche ici au Noir avant que la Lumière ne revienne...
winter death book reading
Structure of this haiku.
Used techniques :
* simili - Similitudes.
Use of images with common semes. The sharing of common semes (qualities, characteristics) makes images reinforce each other. There is resonance because the mind makes the relationship between the two images.
A cup of tea and a lake share the fact that they are an expanse of liquid surrounded by a rim. We can "see" the image of one in the other.
* yugen - Yugen.
Yugen is a concept of Japanese aesthetics that can be expressed as deep, mysterious, dark, troubled.... In criticism of Japanese poetry, he expresses a subtle depth of things that are vaguely evoked in the poem.
* absence - The main element is not explicit.
The haiku is structured around an unnamed element to which each image refers. The interest is to save the space that would be used by naming the element while having the effect it produces.
The haiku can appear as a vault from which the scaffolding has been removed. If the haiku is well composed, the main element is absent but everything refers to it.
This technique delays storage in memory because the reader must complete the discourse with the unnamed element so that the haiku is unambiguously understandable. It then acquires a higher memory weight.
* culturel - Use of external cultural reference.
The haiku is based on an external cultural element, well known by the reader. There is a sharing of an environment (place, situation...) or cultural element (music, painting...) that will seek memories or sensations in the memory and experience of the reader. This device saves a lot of space, nothing else is needed, the effect is achieved by the reader's contribution.
* fin - Final element give the clue.
A detail at the end reveals the real meaning of haiku.
* feuilleté - Multilevel discourse, layered haiku.
Haikus with two (or more) reading levels. A first objective level referring to a situation, another underlying level saying something else. The Chinese are fond of this type of discourse with many levels.
These various levels may be conscious or unconscious.
We find a little bit of this technique consciously applied in the weather haiku. The weather element can be understood as an mention to the weather and as the element that creates the atmosphere of haiku.
The two levels of discourse are conscious and disjointed and well visible in haiku tanka, of which they form the two parts. However, they overlap in the layered haiku.
Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator
* archetype - Active archetypes.
Active presence of archetypes that have determined relationships between images. These archetypes are structures that have aggregated seeds (meanings) and are patterns inherited from the collective unconscious. These are the models that we use to organize our perception of the World.
* concordance - Accordance between the surface and deep discourses
Accordance between superfical and deep discourses. Two parallel discourses.
Archetypes and dialectics
* A_Mort - Death.
Contexte de mort (deuil, décès, cimetière...) ou pulsion de mort (guerre, violence...).
* D_GrandPetit - Big <> Little.
* T_Immobile - Frozen Time.
All the author's haikus >>>