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Analysis of the Haiku structure

nuit sans lune~
combien de papillons morts
pour cette ampoule!

Sarra Masmoudi, Tunisie
cco 2019-02-1


Ce haïku est basé sur l’archétype de la Mort dans la Lumière. Un nœud d’archétypes majeurs qui nous fascine qui qui traverse toute la littérature. J’aime bien ce jeu d’oppositions sur fond de transcendance.


night darkness butterfly light lamp death

Structure of this haiku.

Schema and motifs :

Schéma :
  Motif : mmm010 -

Schéma :
  Motif : mmm023 -

Used techniques :

* opposition - Images in opposition.
Images with a group of opposite senses. The images are in opposition to each other. However, the opposite semes are grouped into dialectics. A dialectic is composed of opposite semes, like the two sides, poles of the same grade.

For example:
- Top and Bottom.
- Inside and Outside
- Big and Tiny

* archetype - Active archetypes.
Active presence of archetypes that have determined relationships between images. These archetypes are structures that have aggregated seeds (meanings) and are patterns inherited from the collective unconscious. These are the models that we use to organize our perception of the World.

* avis - Opinion given by the author.
The author tells his/her views or an explanation. The speech is not neutral at the first level of reading/writing. This is not a haiku where the author explains to the reader what he or she should understand, usually completed and of no interest. Here, the author gives an indication that is part of the elements of the discourse in addition to the others and that is not a redundancy (redundancy, precision, explanation).

* fin - Final element give the clue.
A detail at the end reveals the real meaning of haiku.

* xxx - Undefined appeal.
Haïku having something undefinable that deserves further study.

Archetypes and dialectics

* A_Mort - Death.

Contexte de mort (deuil, décès, cimetière...) ou pulsion de mort (guerre, violence...).

* A_Lumière - The Light.

La Lumière.
A mettre en relation avec la Lumière dans la Nuit.

* D_ClairSombre - Light <> Darkness.

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